Cyrus e Azam History in Urdu By Aslam Rahi M.A Pdf Free Download
Cyrus e Azam in Urdu authored by Aslam Rahi M.A. The present book “Cyrus-e-Azam” described complete history and biography of Cyrus the great in Urdu language. “Cyrus” was the first Achaemenian Emperor of Persia in 580-529 BC. His real name was Kourosh in Persian or Kouros in Greek. Some historian has narrated that he was the real Sikandar-e-Azam. He was founded Persia by uniting the 2 original Iranian Tribes, the Medes and also the Persians. Though he was known to be an excellent conqueror, that at one purpose controlled one in every of the best Empires ever seen, he has best remembered for his unprecedented tolerance and magnanimous angle towards those he defeated.
Upon his victory over the Medes (The Medes were the people of Indo-Iranian (Aryan) origin who inhabited the western and north-western portion of present-day Iran), he has established a government for his new empire, incorporating each Median and Persian nobles as civilian officers. The conquest of Asia Minor completed, he led his armies to the Japanese frontiers. Hyrcania and Parthia (a region of north-eastern Iran) were already a part of the Median Kingdom. More east, he conquered Drangiana or Zarangiana, Arachosia, Margiana and Bactria. when crossing the Oxus, he reached the Jaxartes, where he engineered fortified cities with the thing of defending the farthest frontier of his kingdom against nomadic tribes of Central Asia.
The victories to the east led him once more to the west and sounded the hour for attack on Babylon and Egypt. When he conquered Babylon, he did therefore to cheers from the Jewish Community, as he was the liberator these Jewish. He allowed the Jews to come to the Promised Land. He showed nice forbearance and respect towards the non secular beliefs and cultural traditions of different races. These qualities earned him the respect and homage of all the folks over whom he dominated.
The victory over Babylonia expressed all the aspects of the policy of conciliation that Cyrus had followed till then. He presented himself not as a conqueror, however a liberator and also the legitimate successor to rule on the Persia. Cyrus had no thought of forcing conquered folks into one mould, and had the knowledge to go away unchanged the establishment of every kingdom he hooked up to the Persian Crown. He allowed thousands of Jews to go away Babylon and come to Palestine in 537 BC. This step was in line together with his policy to bring peace to Mankind.
Cyrus was upright, an excellent leader of men, generous and benevolent. The Hellenes regarded him as ‘Law giver’ and also the Jews as ‘the anointed of the Lord’. Prior to his death, he founded a replacement capital town at Pasargade in Fares and had established a government for his Empire. He appointed a governor (satrap) to represent him in every province, but the administration, legislation, and cultural activities of every province was the responsibility of the Satraps. As per Xenophon, Cyrus is additionally reputed to possess devised the primary postal system within the Achaemenide Empire.
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