Garcin de Tassy Ke Tamheedi Khutbe by Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu Hind Pdf Free Download
Garcin de Tassy Ke Tamheedi Khutbe published by Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu Hind. The book under review Garcin de Tassy Ke Tamheedi Khutbe, is a collection of introductory sermons by the famous French linguist Professor Joseph Garcin de Tassy, delivered at the beginning of the Indian language (Urdu) lectures. This collection includes sermons from 1850 to 1855. Errors were pointed out and corrected by Mr. Abdul Sattar Siddiqui and published by Anjuman-e-Taraqqi Urdu Hind in 1940.
Among the Orientalists, French scholar Joseph Garcin de Tassy deserves special praise because he had a special affection for the Urdu language. He devoted his life to the promotion of Urdu. Garcin de Tassy spent 50 years of his life writing, reading, and working for the development of the Urdu language and its literature. This is about a time when some of the basic works of Urdu language, such as dictionaries, grammar, literary history, and criticism, were either in their infancy or did not exist at all. The work he did prove to be a memorable one for future researchers.
De Tassy was born on January 25, 1791, or 1794, in Marseilles, where his father, Joseph Jean-Garcin, traded. De Tassy was interested in studying Oriental languages from the very young age, so after completing his formal education, he started studying Arabic at the age of twenty. He soon realized that he could not satisfy his curiosity by staying in Marseilles, so in 1817 he moved from Marseilles to Paris, where he began to study Eastern languages with the famous Orientalist of his time Silvestre de Sacy. After four years of continuous hard work, he succeeded in mastering Arabic, Persian and Turkish languages. At the end of his studies, he published Al-Maqdisi’s book, Kashf al-Asrar an Hukam al-Tayyur al-Azhar, with the correct text and French translation. Later, on the recommendation of his teacher Silvestre de Sacy, he was appointed secretary of the French College for Eastern Studies. He married in December 1821 of the same year.
When the famous Asiatic Society was established in France in 1822, he was appointed its Honorary Secretary and Librarian. It was the time when he realized the need to learn and master Urdu, so he traveled to England and learned the language from Englishmen who had lived in India and who had learned and worked on the rules and lexicography of the Indian language (Urdu). On the advice of Silvestre, when the teaching of Urdu language was formally arranged in Paris, he first became a professor of Urdu temporarily and later this appointment was given permanent status and for the rest of his life, he taught Urdu in France and takes various attempts to make it popular.
He kept abreast of correspondence with academic associations and literary institutes in India and the United Kingdom, solicited books and newspapers, sought copies of rare books، and at the beginning of each new Christian year, he would give a detailed sermon on the academic and literary activities of the past year which contained detailed information about Urdu books, magazines, newspapers, and authors, which continued from 1850 to 1869.
The book under review “Garcin de Tassy Ke Tamheedi Khutbe” is a collection of speeches delivered at the beginning of his lecture from 1850 to 1855. De Tassy was deeply interested in compiling a history of Urdu language and literature, which is also evident in his sermons. This book also belongs to the same series about which Maulana Abdul Haq has written in the case of “Maqalat e Garcin de Tassy“.
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