The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus1-001 The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus2-001

ہیلیکارنسس کا مقبرہ

یہ ملکہ آرٹی میسیا نے اپنے مرحوم شوہر شاہ موسولس کی یاد میں بنایا تھا۔ جوکہ تین سو تریپن قبل مسیح میں وفات پاگیا تھا۔ اس مقبرے کی کچھ باقیات انگلینڈ کے عجائب گھروں میں دیکھی جاسکتی ہیں۔ یہی معبد جدید طرز تعمیر میں تعمیر کئے گئے معبدوں کی بنیاد سمجھا جات ہے۔

History of The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

When Mausolus the King of Caria (377 to 353 B.C) Died, his beloved wife and sister, Queen Artemisia, ordered a great tomb built in Halicarnassus, on the Aegean Sea in southwestern Turkey. This Mausoleum, completed around 350 (B.C) stood in a courtyard atop a platform with stone warriors on horseback guarding each corner.
A staircase flanked by stone lions led to the top of the platform. The tomb itself about 140 feet high, with a base of about 120 by 100 feet was covered with marble. The lowest third was a tapering block decorated with relief sculpture. The nest third was fronted by thirty six columns with statues between them. The upper third was a stepped pyramid topped by a sculpture of Mausolus and Artemisia in a chariot pulled by four horses. After sixteen centuries, the Mausoleum was felled by an earthquake, and crusaders used its stones to build a castle. The sculptures of Mausolus and Artemisia survived and are on display at the British Museum in London.

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